Human activities in space will grow more widespread during the next decade. Unlike the prior century’s space race, the great powers will not be the only major actors. Along with less powerful countries, non-state actors and the business sector will play important roles. Technologies will emerge to improve both crewed and un-crewed space operations. Space technology will also help to better collect and manage data on human activity around the planet, improving a variety of commercial and national security operations – all of which will contribute to building a flourishing space economy.